Adverbs / Grammar

Adverbs: Adverb clauses of cause or reason

Adverb clauses of cause or reason

 Adverb clauses of cause or reason.

  • I sing because I like singing.
  • He thinks he can get anything because he is rich.
  • Since he has apologized we will take no further action against him.
  • As he was not there I left a message with his mother.
  • I am glad that you have come.
  • My parents were disappointed that I didn’t get the scholarship.
  • He was furious that his book was panned by most reviewers.


The conjunction that is often omitted.

  • I am glad you like it. OR I am glad that you like it.
  • They were disappointed you weren’t in. OR They were disappointed that you weren’t in.

 as and since.

  • As it is raining again we will have to cancel the match.

Since and as-clauses are relatively formal. In an informal style, the same idea can be expressed with so.

  • It is raining again, so we will have to cancel the match.

 Because-clauses are used to give information which isn’t already known to the reader or listener.

  • His electricity was cut off Because he had not paid the bill. .

Note that a because-clause can stand alone. As and since-clauses cannot be used like this.

  • ‘Why are you looking at her like that?’ ‘Because she smiled at me.’ (NOT As she smiled at me.) (NOT Since she smiled at me.)

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