Positionable of adverbs of certainty and place
We use adverbs of certainty to say how sure we are of something. Examples are: certainly, definitely, clearly, obviously and probably.
Adverbs of certainty usually go in mid-position.
Study the following patterns.
Auxiliary verb + adverb
- She will probably come.
- The train has obviously been delayed.
Am / are / is / was / were + adverb
- She is certainly right.
- There is clearly something wrong.
Adverb + other verb
He probably thinks that he is the smartest. (NOT He thinks probably that …)
- I certainly feel better today.
Maybe and perhaps usually come at the beginning of a clause.
- Maybe you are right.
- Perhaps he will come.
Adverbs of place
Adverbs of place say where something happens. Examples are: upstairs, around, here, in London, out of the window
Adverbs of place usually go at the end of a clause.
- The children are playing in the garden.
- Don’t throw things out of the window.
- The old man sat in the corner.
- There was a very tall tree at the end of the garden.
Initial position is also possible. This usually happens in a literary style.
- At the end of the garden there was a very tall tree.